Conjunctivitis / Pink Eye
Infection of the eye is common and may be viral or bacterial. It can be highly contagious. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment is important to prevent complications.
A simple hemorrhage on the surface of your eye can occur spontaneously, from coughing or sneezing, strenuous exercise, high blood pressure, or as a result of blood thinners such as aspirin, plavix or warfarin.
Foreign bodies on the cornea or on the inner surface of the lids cause significant discomfort and should be removed as soon as possible to avoid secondary infection and scar formation. Metallic foreign bodies frequently leave rust in the cornea which should be removed.
A hyphema is bleeding inside the eye, behind the cornea and in front of the iris. It is usually caused by blunt trauma, but it can occur spontaneously from other rare conditions. Daily examinations by an eye doctor are mandatory to monitor the eye pressure. Surgery may be required to remove the blood.
Inflammation inside the eye may result from injury or from underlying systemic disease. Most cases of iritis are mild and treated with drops, however, dilated examination of the back of the eye is mandatory to exclude associated retinal inflammation which may cause significant visual loss
Glaucoma is elevated pressure inside the eye which causes damage to the optic nerve and may result in permanent loss of vision. Acute glaucoma is a sudden and significant rise in pressure that is usually associated severe headache, eye pain, nausea and vomiting, and may cause permanent loss of vision if untreated. Treatment of acute glaucoma may involve laser or surgical treatment
Infections of the cornea may occur from contact over wear or injury and could be serious and requires frequent drops and mandatory follow up examination.
A scratch or abrasion of the surface layer of the cornea can be extremely painful and poses a risk of infection. Abrasions usually heal within 24-48 hours, depending on the size and generally do not cause permanent scarring or loss of vision.
You may sometimes see small specks or clouds moving in your field of vision. These are called floaters. You can often see them when looking at a plain background, like a blank wall or blue sky. Floaters are actually tiny clumps of cells or material inside the vitreous, the clear, gel-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye.
While these objects look like they are in front of your eye, they are actually floating inside it. What you see are the shadows they cast on the retina, the layer of cells lining the back of the eye that senses light and allows you to see. Floaters can appear as different shapes, such as little dots, circles, lines, clouds or cobwebs.
When the vitreous gel pulls on the retina, you may see what look like flashing lights or lightning streaks. These are called flashes. You may have experienced this same sensation if you have ever been hit in the eye and seen "stars." The flashes of light can appear off and on for several weeks or months.
Branch and central retinal vein occlusion typically affects persons 50 years or older. RVO results in sudden painless loss of vision which could be permanent. Uncontrolled hypertension is a major risk factor for the development of this condition. RVO may result in sight threatening complications that require laser treatment and / or intravitreal injection pharmacologic agents